Week in Review
Friday, Nov. 17, 2017
House Criminal Justice Committee on Tuesday started hearings on legislation
prohibiting the dilation and evacuation (D&E) procedure, the most common method
used to perform abortions during the second trimester. Sens. Matt Huffman
(R-Lima) and Steve Wilson (R-Maineville) both provided sponsor testimony on
SB145, which they said would end the "gruesome" practice of
an abortion because of a Down syndrome diagnosis would become a criminal act
legislation passed by the Senate Wednesday. SB164
(LaRose) would prohibit a doctor from performing the medical procedure if they
know the woman is seeking an abortion because of a test result indicating Down
syndrome in the fetus, a prenatal diagnosis of Down syndrome or any other
reason the woman believes the fetus has Down syndrome. Doctors who violate the
prohibition would face a fourth-degree felony, revocation of their medical
license and possible civil penalties. The bill passed 20-12, with Sens. Matt
Dolan (R-Chagrin Falls), Stephanie Kunze (R-Hilliard) and Gayle Manning
(R-North Ridgeville) joining Democrats in opposing the measure.
Ohio Attorney General (AG) Mike DeWine
and 43 other attorneys general sent a letter to congressional leaders asking
them to repeal a law they say has limited the Drug Enforcement Agency's (DEA)
ability to hold drug manufacturers and distributors accountable for contributing
to the nation's opioid epidemic. In the letter, the attorneys general say the
"Ensuring Patient Access and Effective Drug Enforcement Act of 2016"
diminishes the DEA's ability to suspend and begin proceedings to show how a
manufacturer or distributor engaged in unlawful behavior that endangers public
health. The law and its effects on opioid diversion investigations were
profiled in a recent joint investigation by "60
Minutes" and the Washington Post.
The Ohio State University College of
Social Work recently received a $3 million grant from the Children's Bureau of
the Administration for Children and Families at the U.S. Department of Health
and Human Services to address substance abuse problems in Ohio -- one of the
largest grants ever awarded in the college's 100-year history. The grant will
support regional partnership intervention activities in Fairfield and Pickaway
counties to reduce child abuse and neglect among families with substance use
Ohio Long-Term Care Ombudsman Beverley
Laubert briefed the House Aging and Long-Term Care Committee on Wednesday on
the history and recent efforts of her office. Laubert explained her office's
duties originate in the federal Older Americans Act and related state laws,
though she noted state lawmakers were leaders in the U.S. in 1990 when they
extended the office's responsibilities to include home- and community-based
In their second to last meeting, the
Speaker's Task Force on Alzheimer's and Dementia heard from representatives of
agencies that support families on the current services and what more should be
done, including by the Legislature. They also announced that the last meeting
would be on Tuesday, Dec. 5, and that the task force would issue a report and
suggest legislation following that meeting.
Ohio's agricultural industry, which
depends heavily on often undocumented migrant workers from Mexico and Central
America, is experiencing one of its most significant labor shortages in years,
according to Ohio State University's (OSU) College of Food, Agricultural and
Environmental Sciences (CFAES). It was the toughest year for staffing farm
operations in at least two of the Ohio counties that hire the most migrant
workers -- Sandusky and Huron -- according to OSU Extension educators there.
The Ohio Attorney General's Office
announced Monday that Ohioans who sent money to scammers through Western
Union's wire service may now apply for compensation from a $586 million fund held
by the U.S. Department of Justice's victim asset recovery program. The fund
stems from a multistate settlement the AG announced in January.
AUDITOR OF STATE
Dave Yost gave two villages good news Thursday when he released them from
troubled fiscal statuses. Yost said he was releasing the village of Leipsic in
Putnam County from fiscal emergency, and the village of Bloomingburg in Fayette
County from fiscal caution. Bloomingburg became just the second local
government to move out of the state's fiscal caution designation without
slipping further into fiscal distress.
Corrections directors, state
legislators, law enforcement officials and behavioral health professionals from
all 50 states gathered in Washington, D.C. this week at the 50-State Summit on
Public Safety, organized by the Council of State Governments' (CSG) Justice
Center in partnership with the Association of State Correctional
Administrators. The two-day event was designed to help leaders weigh individual
state trends in crime, arrests, corrections populations, addiction and mental
health, and to develop integrated approaches to addressing their unique
challenges. State teams examined clear strategies for reducing crime and
recidivism, improving outcomes for people with mental health and substance use
disorders, and reducing spending on prisons and jails.
Gov. John Kasich handed 69-year-old Alva
Campbell a 19-month reprieve from the Death House Wednesday after execution
officials reportedly failed to locate a suitable vein for lethal injection,
making Campbell the second person in eight years to escape execution in Ohio
because medical experts said they could not find a site for the IV. His capital
sentence has been reset to June 5, 2019.
The Ohio Development Services Agency
(DSA) has awarded 11 communities grants totaling more than $4.8 million through
the Community Development Downtown Revitalization and Neighborhood
Revitalization Competitive Set-Aside programs. The grants will improve streets,
sidewalks, bridges, public facilities and infrastructure as well as
rehabilitate buildings in a community's central business district.
The Department of Administrative
Services (DAS) reports that, for the third consecutive year, the state of Ohio
has exceeded the goal of its Minority Business Enterprise (MBE) program by
purchasing 23.65 percent of eligible goods and services through certified
minority-owned businesses, while spending just over $305 million. Ohio's MBE
program mandates that state agencies set aside 15 percent of their annual
purchases for goods and services for certified minority-owned businesses.
A recent Fordham Institute study
comparing teacher absenteeism in charter schools and traditional public schools
has several key flaws, according to a review published this week by the
National Education Policy Center (NEPC). The Fordham report, "Teacher
Absenteeism in Charter and Traditional Public Schools," found that public
school teachers were nearly three times more likely to be absent from school
when compared to their charter counterparts. It argued that this may have an
adverse effect on student learning. The NEPC review argues that the Fordham
report ignores large bodies of contradictory academic research, is selective in
its sources and ignores discrepancies in data.
The phone line at the governor's office
is open for local school board members seeking to discuss anti-drug education
and/or strategies to prepare students for in-demand jobs, Gov. John Kasich said
Monday. "Starting in kindergarten and all the way through 12th grade ... I
just want a teacher to get in front of the classroom once a week and just tell
kids to stop the drugs, because evidence suggests that kids who hear an
anti-drug message are 50 percent less likely to do drugs," Kasich told
attendees of the Ohio School Boards Association (OSBA) Capital Conference.
"If you have any problems with any of this, you can go to the 'Start
Talking' website. If you want to talk to me, call me. I'll talk to you."
The Ohio School Boards Association
(OSBA) Delegate Assembly Monday elected John W. Halkias
as the association's 2018 president-elect. Halkias
serves on the Plain Local Schools Board of Education in Stark County.
State ratings of charter school sponsors
for the 2016-2017 school year released Wednesday were substantially improved
from the previous year, while also reflecting a shrinking of the ranks of
sponsors. The latest ratings include three sponsors rated "exemplary,"
the highest grade -- Findlay City Schools, Zanesville City Schools, and
Tri-Rivers Schools. In the next rating tier, 21 sponsors were deemed
"effective," while 13 were rated "ineffective." The bottom
rating of "poor" -- which can lead to termination of sponsorship
authority -- went to eight sponsors.
The Ohio School Boards Association's
(OSBA) Delegate Assembly this week approved a number of changes to the
association's legislative platform including the addition of a new plank to the
students and learning section that calls on local public school districts to
educate students and families about the tragic consequences of drug addiction.
The new plank supports legislation that provides new and additional dedicated
funds to assist schools in the battle against drug addiction and heroin and
other opioid abuse.
Ohio schools would have four years to
stop issuing out-of-school suspensions and expulsions as punishment for
children in preschool and early elementary grades under bipartisan legislation
to be introduced in the Senate, though the requirement would not apply to
discipline imposed for violent or dangerous behavior. Sen. Peggy Lehner
(R-Kettering), chair of the Senate Education Committee, said at a Statehouse
press conference Tuesday she'll again seek the suspension-expulsion ban for
grades three and below, including preschool, after a past attempt to include
the proposal in last year's truancy law overhaul, 131-HB410 (Rezabek-Hayes),
The State Board of Education started
discussions Monday on an element of its Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) plan
that would establish a new report card indicator for students who retake high
school exams. Chris Woolard, head of accountability for the Ohio Department of
Education (ODE), told the board's Accountability and Continuous Improvement
Committee that the new indicator would reflect the difference in course- and
test-taking patterns between the current end-of-course exam system and the
previous Ohio Graduation Test (OGT).
A State Board of Education Committee
Monday voted to add a new section on Ohio history to the licensure test for
educators looking to teach middle grades social studies. The Educators and
Student Options Committee voted 5-1 to approve the addition of a fifth content
section to the Ohio Assessments for Educators middle grades social studies test
and set a minimum passing score for the test. If approved by the full board,
the "Ohio" portion in the United States section will constitute 10
percent of the assessment's score.
An online education provider for one of
the state's diploma programs for adults urged the State Board of Education on
Tuesday to provide a first-year safe harbor from proposed performance
benchmarks, saying the timing of the program's launch made it difficult to get many
students through the program in its inaugural year. Greg Harp of Graduation
Alliance, which runs the 22+ Adult High School Diploma Program at a few
community colleges in Ohio, said the state risks losing some of its biggest
providers by setting a benchmark for the program's first year, even though the
programs are highly likely to meet the benchmark in the second year and beyond.
Looking to engage the State Board of
Education in a discussion about the future of the state's testing system,
Superintendent Paolo DeMaria Monday presented the recommendations of an
advisory group focused on determining what tests, if any, the board should
eliminate. DeMaria said the group of 24 stakeholders, including parents and
educators, expressed frustration with both federally and state mandated
end-of-course tests, and a desire for other ways to measure student growth and
The Joint Education Oversight Committee
(JEOC) heard Thursday from Executive Director Lauren Monowar-Jones addressing
research looking at the funding, enrollment and learning outcomes of Ohio's
early childhood education programs to inform a report tentatively slated for
release in January 2018. While initial comments from JEOC Chairman Rep. Bob
Cupp (R-Lima) indicated the report would be largely informative, Sen. Peggy
Lehner (R-Kettering) said consideration will be paid to meeting the codified
goals of Ohio's Step Up To Quality (SUTQ) framework,
which ranks the state's early childhood education centers on a five-star scale.
The U.S. Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals
Monday overturned a lower court's decision to dismiss a lawsuit that claimed
Ohio's absentee ballot system violates the Americans with Disabilities Act
(ADA), finding the court erred because facts supporting the positions of both
sides of the lawsuit have "yet to be litigated." The lawsuit was
filed by three blind Ohio residents against Secretary of State Jon Husted,
claiming that Ohio's paper ballot absentee voter system discriminates against
them. Blind voters must seek the aid of a sighted person in order to vote
absentee, thus depriving them of the ability to vote anonymously, plaintiffs
Former U.S. Rep. Betty Sutton, a
Democratic candidate for governor, Thursday released a plan to combat sexual harassment
and sexual assault in state government. The plan builds on her call to create a
Department of Labor and Economic Opportunity as well as an open letter
organized by Sen. Charleta Tavares (D-Columbus) from her and other legislators
and staffers to address misconduct in the Legislature. Sutton proposes creating
an independent arm of the department to spearhead efforts to fight sexual
harassment and assault by creating policies to prevent quid pro quo harassment
and a hostile environment, review all job applicants for a history of sexual
harassment, and ensure that companies that do business with the state establish
effective sexual harassment and assault policies.
Rep. Tom Patton (R-Strongsville) said
Tuesday he will seek re-election to the Ohio House rather than run for the
Republican nomination for the 16th Congressional District, where U.S. Rep. Jim
Renacci (R-Wadsworth) is not seeking re-election as he runs for governor. In a
statement, he cited the health problems of his newborn grandson as having
motivated his decision to stay in the General Assembly. Rep. Christina Hagan
(R-Alliance) and former Ohio State University football star Anthony Gonzales
are seeking the Republican nomination for Renacci's seat.
U.S. Rep. Brad Wenstrup (R-Cincinnati)
this week announced his re-election campaign for the Second Congressional
Republican Attorney General Mike DeWine
announced two hires Friday for his gubernatorial campaign, both of whom were
involved in his 2014 re-election. Ryan Stubenrauch will
be press secretary, reprising his 2014 role, and Brenton Temple will be senior
will attempt to unseat U.S. Rep. Tim Ryan (R-Niles) in 2018, the Republican
attorney has announced.
Former U.S. Rep. Zack Space's campaign
for state auditor Thursday released its first campaign video, titled "I'm
Ready. Are You?"
The following endorsements were made
over the week:
- House Speaker Cliff Rosenberger
(R-Clarksville) and Delaware County Prosecutor Carol O'Brien endorsed Mike
DeWine for governor.
The number of people working in clean
energy industries throughout Ohio is 105,443, a more than 4 percent increase
since 2015, according to an analysis from Clean Energy Trust and business group
Environmental Entrepreneurs (E2). "Job growth across sectors including
renewable energy generation, advanced grid, energy efficiency, clean fuels, and
advanced transportation is occurring almost six times faster than overall job
growth in the state," according to the 2017 Clean Jobs Midwest report.
Three of the state's top
conservationists have been recognized by the Ohio Environmental Council (OEC): Sandy Bihn received
the Lifetime Achievement Award; Tim Moloney, the
Conservation Hero Award; and Alicia Smith, the Community Leader Award.
The Trump administration took its pitch
for an income tax overhaul to America's heartland Tuesday when U.S. Treasury
Secretary Steven Mnuchin told a select audience on Capitol Square that the
president's plan to double the standard deduction for personal withholding and
lower the corporate tax rate to 20 percent will put money back into average
American pockets. Mnuchin addressed the Ohio Council of Retail Merchants'
annual meeting at the Columbus Athletic Club, where the Goldman Sachs alum laid
out President Trump's larger economic strategy of a tax, trade and regulatory
In a tersely worded email sent late
Monday, Senate Minority Leader Kenny Yuko (D-Richmond Heights) announced that
Senate Minority Chief of Staff Mike Premo had
submitted his resignation at Yuko's request, following recent
"credible" information regarding "inappropriate conduct toward
staff ...." Long-time Senate staffer George Boas has assumed the role of
acting chief of staff.
Rep. Wes Goodman (R-Cardington) suddenly
resigned early Wednesday morning after House Speaker Cliff Rosenberger
(R-Clarksville) told the freshman lawmaker to due to "inappropriate
behavior related to his state office." Rosenberger announced the
resignation, saying he was told the details of the behavior Tuesday afternoon.
The speaker's statement did not elaborate on what the behavior was. Goodman
released a statement expressing regret "that my actions and choices have
kept me from serving my constituents and our state in a way that reflects the
best ideals of public service. For those whom I have let down, I'm sorry."
The Ohio Senate unanimously passed HB199
(Blessing), the Ohio Residential Mortgage Lending Act, and SB152 (Dolan), which
deals with structured settlement payment transfers, during its session on
Wednesday, in addition to passing the prohibition on abortions because of a
Down syndrome diagnosis and the Conference Committee report on SB8
The Conference Committee on SB8
(Gardner-Terhar) and the full Senate Wednesday unanimously approved the report
on the bill containing an omnibus amendment that makes a number of budget
corrective changes including a nearly $7.4 million increase in state aid for
school districts experiencing reductions in Tangible Personal Property Tax
(TPP) reimbursements. The report must still go before the full House.
State agency representatives were at the
mercy of the "Bucket of Invalidation" during Thursday's Joint
Committee on Agency Rule Review (JCARR) meeting. Bucket creator and former
JCARR Chairman Ross McGregor -- who said he polished the bucket in his basement
recently -- was on hand to pass the container around to committee members.
JCARR Chairman Rep. Mike Duffey (R-Worthington) said there were 651 rules that
have missed their five-year review.
The House Speaker's Task Force on
Education and Poverty met Thursday to give its non-legislative members an
opportunity to talk about the successes and challenges they've experienced in their
own local school districts and organizations. It was the final meeting called
by Chair Rep. Bob Cupp (R-Lima) before the group will compile a summary of
testimony heard and recommendations to the Legislature.
Appointments made during the week
include the following:
- Susan J. Pohler
of Columbus (Franklin County) and Dr. Raymond "Butch" Losey of Cincinnati (Clermont County) to the Counselor,
Social Worker, and Marriage and Family Therapist Board for terms beginning Nov.
13, 2017, and ending Oct. 10, 2019.
- Betty Montgomery of Columbus (Franklin
County) to the State Medical Board for a term beginning Nov. 15, 2017, and
ending July 31, 2022.
- Brianne Y. Patek-Gruber
of Perrysburg (Wood County) reappointed to the Ohio Statewide Independent Living
Council for a term beginning Nov. 15, 2017, and ending Oct. 26, 2020.
- Arthur C. Schlesinger of Miamisburg
(Montgomery County) reappointed to the Ohio Statewide Independent Living
Council for a term beginning Nov. 14, 2017, and ending Oct. 26, 2020.
- John H. Ballard of Akron (Summit
County) to the Ohio Statewide Independent Living Council for a term beginning
Nov. 14, 2017, and ending Oct. 26, 2020.
- Richard "Scott" Blake of
Columbus (Franklin County) to the Accountancy Board for a term beginning Nov.
14, 2017, and ending Oct. 20, 2024.
- Joshua D. Atkinson of Napoleon (Henry
County) appointed to the Wildlife Council for a term beginning Nov. 16, 2017,
and ending Jan. 31, 2021.
It's time for Americans on both sides of
the gun issue to leave their respective bubbles and pursue solutions to reduce
violence, Gov. John Kasich said in an op-ed article over the weekend. "As
a nation, these tragedies have united us in shock and mourning, yet the first
talk of solutions tears us apart," Kasich said in a guest column for
Cleveland.com on Sunday. "No one among us is willing to put aside our
rock-ribbed, pre-loaded position on guns in order to sit down and find the
common ground for solutions."
The Ohio Association of Chiefs of Police
(OACP) and the Fraternal Order of Police (FOP) of Ohio have "lost a lot of
credibility" on Second Amendment issues, Buckeye Firearms Association
President Jim Irvine said Tuesday. Responding to a question from Sen. Cecil
Thomas (D-Cincinnati) during his proponent testimony on SB180
(Uecker-Hottinger), Irvine said the organizations' dire predictions on the
effects of gun rights expansion have not become reality.
HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES
Legislation introduced this week by Rep.
Stephen Huffman (R-Tipp City) aims to provide Ohioans transparency into the
cost of health care services while side-stepping the legal issues that a
similar law has faced. Speaking at a press conference Tuesday, Huffman said his
bill, HB416, would repeal the current health care price transparency law that
was folded into the previous General Assembly's workers' compensation budget,
131-HB52 (Hackett). That law was championed by Rep. Jim Butler (R-Oakwood).
U.S. Sen. Rob Portman (R-OH) will give the
autumn commencement address at Ohio State on Sunday, Dec. 17 at the Jerome
Schottenstein Center, the university announced Monday. The ceremony begins at 2
Youngstown State University (YSU)
announced Monday that the James and Coralie Centofanti
Charitable Foundation has pledged an additional
$500,000 to help support the Centofanti Symposium at
The Ohio Supreme Court announced the
opening of the application period Wednesday for technology grants meant to
remove barriers to the "efficient and effective administration of
justice." Any court of appeals, common pleas court (including its internal
divisions), municipal court or county court is eligible to apply. Mayor's
courts are not eligible to participate in the program, the Supreme Court noted.
proposed by Rep. Jeff Rezabek (R-Dayton) would make "sweeping
changes" to the juvenile criminal justice system, the lawmaker said
Tuesday in sponsor testimony on HB394 before the House Criminal Justice Committee.
Rezabek said two of the major components -- changing mandatory bind-overs to
discretionary and reforming confinement credits -- were recommended by the Ohio
Criminal Justice Recodification Committee. The other major provisions are those
amending juvenile court costs/restitution statutes and eliminating life without
parole for juveniles, with exceptions.
Director Barbara Sears said Thursday her department will add two weeks to the
beta testing window for the behavioral health redesign initiative, stretching
it from Nov. 30 to Dec. 15, but insisted the administration is ready to flip
the switch Jan. 1 on new claims processes.
advocates for mental wellness joined state officials Thursday for the launch of
the Be Present campaign, which is meant to help young people care for
themselves and support peers amid isolation, depression and other mental health
issues. The campaign is also meant to help address the problem of youth and
young adult suicide. Angie Bergefurd, assistant director of the Ohio Department
of Mental Health and Addiction Services (OhioMHAS), said the campaign was
developed by youth, for youth.
head of Ohio's largest public retirement system testified Wednesday in the
House about the pension fund's operations as well as plans to curtail
inflationary benefit increases in a bid to shore up long-term finances. Ohio
Public Employees Retirement System (OPERS) Executive Director Karen Carraher spoke to the House Aging and Long-Term Care
Committee about the system and its advocacy for HB413 (Scherer), though the
bill was not formally before the committee for a hearing Wednesday.
Ohio Attorney General Richard Cordray said Wednesday that he will step down as director
of the Consumer Finance Protection Bureau (CFPB) by the end of the month.
Though he did not say what his next move will be, many speculate that he would
be returning to Ohio to run for governor.
Ohio Restaurant Association (ORA) announced this week that Homa
Moheimani has been named manager of media and
communications. Moheimani will be responsible for
planning, developing and producing all communications, including editorial,
digital and video content. She will also be in charge of media relations,
public relations and social media activities in support of the ORA and its
education program, Ohio ProStart, as well the annual Mid-America Restaurant
Craddock is the new executive director of the Ohio Occupational Therapy,
Physical Therapy and Athletic Trainers Board (OTPTAT) as of Monday, Nov. 13,
she told the Joint Committee on Agency Rule Review (JCARR) Thursday. Craddock
previously worked as a policy adviser for Gov. John Kasich and deputy director
of public affairs for the Ohio Department of Mental Health and Addiction
Services. She had been in charge of coordinating the Medical Marijuana Control
Program. Craddock replaces Tony Tanner, who left OTPTAT in May 2017, according
to his LinkedIn profile. Tanner is now the owner and managing partner of The
Butcher & Grocer in Columbus.
Development Services Agency Director David Goodman announced Thursday that
Matthew MacLaren will lead TourismOhio beginning in
January. He succeeds Mary Cusick, who left the post
in August. MacLaren most recently served as senior
vice president of member relations for the American Hotel & Lodging
SECRETARY OF STATE
of State Jon Husted Wednesday announced 9,250 new entities filed to do business
in Ohio throughout the month of October, an increase of 969 when compared to
the same month in 2016.
Controlling Board pulled two items from its agenda Monday and held another two
for brief questions, the latter including a $280,000 request from the Ohio
Department of Health (ODH) for EBT smart cards for the Women, Infants and
Children (WIC) program and a $22,000 item from the Ohio Department of Natural
Resources (ODNR) for emergency dock repairs at North Bass Island. The ODH and
ODNR agenda items both went on to unanimous approval.
The United Auto Workers (UAW) of America
said Thursday it was unsuccessful in a drive to unionize the Moraine auto glass
plant of Fuyao Glass America.
Ohio Consumers' Counsel Bruce Weston
gave House members a refresher Tuesday on the role of his office and the
difference between an electric security plan (ESP) with its assorted billing
riders and a market rate offer (MRO) for electric generation. The latter is a
largely academic discussion as Ohio has never had an MRO, Weston noted, despite
statutory language on market-based rate plans and ESPs in energy omnibus
The Ohio Attorney General's Office
announced Thursday that $1 million in recovered funds from the "Bobby
Thompson" veterans charity scam case has been
awarded through 10 grants to Ohio veterans' organizations. Each of Ohio's five
Honor Flight hubs will receive $115,000; Operation Legal Help Ohio will receive
$100,000 to provide free legal help and another $150,000 to support transportation
costs at Ohio's 20 veterans' courts; Family and Community Services will get
$100,000 to fund repairs and appliances for a facility in Lorain that will
provide housing for female veterans and their children; Ross County Veterans
Council will receive $36,000 to help create a healing garden; and Toledo-based
Heroes in Action, which supports service members and veterans throughout Ohio,
will receive $10,000.
Ohio and its capital may soon become
home to the "only public museum" dedicated to sharing the experiences
of veterans across all eras and branches of the military, according to a
bipartisan press release from Ohio members of the U.S. House of
Representatives. All 16 representatives co-sponsored HR1900, the National
Veterans Memorial and Museum Act, which passed the House on Nov. 7 and has been
referred to a Senate committee. The museum is being built at 300 W. Broad St.,
across from COSI, and is expected to open next summer.
During National Apprenticeship Week which
runs through Sunday, Nov. 19, the Ohio Department of Job and Family Services
(ODJFS) together with Gov. John Kasich and Lt. Gov. Mary Taylor is encouraging
more Ohioans to consider registered apprenticeship programs, which allow
workers to earn while they learn and bypass student loan debt